Heroin Addiction Treatment Process

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Heroin addiction is a serious and growing public health concern that has far-reaching consequences for individuals, families, and society. This highly addictive opioid drug can cause severe physical and psychological dependence, leading to adverse health outcomes and social problems. As heroin use continues to rise, it is crucial to understand the intricacies of addiction, the most effective treatment options, and the role of specialised rehabilitation centres in addressing this complex issue.

In this comprehensive article, we delve into the process of heroin addiction treatment, examining the effects of heroin, the duration of rehab, and the various options available for individuals seeking recovery. It also covers the signs of heroin abuse, withdrawal symptoms, and the latest facts and statistics on this pervasive addiction.

Furthermore, the article explores the role of Smarmore Castle. This renowned rehabilitation facility offers a comprehensive treatment programme for heroin addiction. By examining the evidence-based therapies and ongoing support provided by Smarmore, we aim to highlight the importance of a holistic approach to recovery and relapse prevention. Ultimately, this article offers a valuable resource for individuals affected by heroin addiction, their loved ones, and anyone interested in learning more about the battle against this devastating drug.

heroin addiction treatment

How Long is Rehab for Heroin Treatment?

The heroin addiction treatment process typically begins with medical detoxification, followed by inpatient or outpatient treatment involving various therapies that address the psychological and emotional aspects of addiction.

Rehab duration for heroin treatment depends on various factors, such as the severity of the addiction, the individual’s physical and mental health, and the type of treatment programme. Generally, inpatient treatment programmes range from 30 days to several months, while outpatient programmes may be longer.

Following residential rehab, some individuals may require ongoing treatment in the form of outpatient programmes, sober living facilities, or aftercare support. Choosing a treatment duration that provides the necessary time and support for lasting recovery is crucial.

What Are the Effects of Heroin?

Heroin is an opioid drug that produces a sense of euphoria and pain relief. However, it also has numerous adverse short-term and long-term effects on the body and mind. 

Short-term effects of heroin use include drowsiness, heaviness in the limbs, slowed breathing, and nausea. Long-term effects include collapsed veins, abscesses, infections, lung complications, liver or kidney disease, and a higher risk of contracting infectious diseases such as HIV or hepatitis C. Additionally, heroin use can have significant psychological effects, such as increased anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment.

Options for Heroin Rehab

There are several options for heroin rehab, including inpatient treatment, outpatient treatment, and medication-assisted treatment. Inpatient treatment offers a structured environment where patients receive round-the-clock care and support from medical professionals. Outpatient treatment allows individuals to participate in therapy and support groups while living at home and maintaining daily responsibilities.

Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) involves using FDA-approved medications such as methadone, buprenorphine, or naltrexone to manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings. MAT can be an effective component of a comprehensive treatment plan when combined with therapy and other support services.

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Heroin Addiction and Withdrawal

Heroin withdrawal occurs when an individual stops using the drug, resulting in a range of physical and psychological symptoms. The withdrawal process can be an intensely uncomfortable and even dangerous experience that may require medical supervision and support.

Physical symptoms

  • Muscle aches
  • Insomnia
  • Sweating
  • Diarrhoea
  • Nausea, vomiting and abdominal cramping.

Psychological Symptoms

  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Depression. 

These symptoms usually begin within 6-12 hours after the last use and can last up to a week or more. Medically supervised detox is essential to manage these symptoms safely and comfortably.

Medications to Treat Heroin Addiction

Medical professionals have several medications at their disposal for relieving cravings and symptoms during heroin withdrawal. Here are some of the most commonly used drugs:

  • Methadone
  • Buprenorphine 
  • Naltrexone 
  • Clonidine 
  • Lofexidine.

These medications are best used alongside therapy and other support services for a comprehensive approach to heroin addiction treatment.

Why Are More People Using Heroin?

Several factors contribute to the increasing use of heroin, including the widespread availability of prescription opioids, low cost, and increased potency. Additionally, social and economic factors, such as poverty and lack of access to mental health care, can increase the risk of heroin use.

Potential Signs of Heroin Abuse

Signs of heroin abuse can include physical, behavioural, and psychological changes. 

Physical signs might include:

  • Track marks from injections
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • Weight loss
  • Poor hygiene. 

Behavioural changes could involve: 

  • Social isolation
  • Dishonesty
  • Poor performance at work or school
  • Legal issues. 

Psychological signs may include:

  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • An overall change in personality. 

Recognising these signs in yourself or a loved one is crucial for seeking help and beginning the road to recovery.

How Long Do Withdrawal Symptoms Last?

Heroin withdrawal symptoms typically begin within 6-12 hours after the last use and can last for several days or even weeks, depending on the severity of the addiction, the individual’s overall health, and the presence of other substances in their system. 

In general, acute withdrawal symptoms may last anywhere from 5 to 10 days, with the most severe occurring between 48 and 72 hours after the last use. However, some individuals may experience post-acute withdrawal symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, or sleep disturbances, which can persist for weeks or even months after acute withdrawal has subsided.

Facts and Statistics on Heroin Addiction

According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 15.6 million people worldwide suffer from opioid dependence, with heroin being one of the most commonly abused opioids. Heroin addiction is a significant public health concern, contributing to overdose deaths, HIV/AIDS transmission, and various social and economic costs.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the number of heroin users in the United States has been steadily increasing, with approximately 948,000 people reported using heroin in 2016. The rate of heroin overdose deaths has also risen significantly, with more than 15,000 deaths occurring in 2018. Heroin addiction affects people of all ages, genders, and socioeconomic backgrounds, highlighting the need for comprehensive prevention and treatment efforts.

Treatment for Heroin Addiction

Heroin addiction treatment requires a holistic approach. The goal is to help individuals achieve and maintain sobriety while addressing the underlying issues contributing to their addiction.

A treatment programme typically involves a combination of detoxification, therapy, medications, and support services. This multifaceted approach is designed to address the physical, emotional, and social aspects of addiction and help individuals build a foundation for long-term recovery. It is important to seek professional help for heroin addiction, as attempting to quit alone can be dangerous and often results in relapse.

Treatment for Heroin Addiction at Smarmore Castle

Smarmore Castle is a leading drug and alcohol rehab clinic in Ireland that offers a comprehensive treatment programme for heroin addiction. Their treatment approach combines medical detoxification, individual and group therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy, and 12-Step facilitation. Smarmore Castle’s experienced and compassionate staff provide personalised care, ensuring that each patient receives the support they need for a successful recovery. 

Smarmore offers a comprehensive and evidence-based approach to heroin addiction treatment. Situated in a serene, historic setting, the clinic provides a supportive and healing environment for individuals seeking to overcome their addiction. With a dedicated team of professionals, personalised treatment plans, and a range of therapies, Smarmore Castle is an excellent choice for those looking to embark on the path to recovery. Below, we outline the key aspects of Smarmore Castle’s heroin addiction treatment programme.

Personalised Treatment Plans

The treatment process begins with a thorough assessment of each patient’s unique needs and circumstances. This assessment allows the staff to develop a customised treatment plan that addresses the individual’s specific requirements and supports their journey to recovery.

Medical Detoxification

For patients experiencing heroin withdrawal symptoms, Smarmore Castle offers a medically supervised detoxification programme. This process ensures that patients are safely and comfortably weaned off heroin while under the care of experienced medical professionals.

  • Inpatient care during detoxification
  • 24-hour nursing support
  • Medication management as needed.

Multidisciplinary Approach

Smarmore Castle utilises a multidisciplinary team of professionals to provide comprehensive care. This team includes psychiatrists, psychologists, addiction counsellors, nurses, and therapists, all working together to ensure each patient receives the support they need throughout their treatment.

Evidence-Based Therapies

We offer a variety of evidence-based therapies to address the physical, psychological, and emotional aspects of addiction. These therapies include:

Holistic Treatment Options

In addition to traditional therapies, Smarmore Castle incorporates holistic treatment options to support patients’ overall well-being. These options include the following:

  • Mindfulness and meditation
  • Yoga and Tai Chi
  • Equine-assisted therapy
  • Art and music therapy
  • Physical exercise and outdoor activities.

Family Support and Involvement

Recognising the importance of family support during recovery, Smarmore Castle encourages family members to participate in the treatment process. They offer a family programme that includes counselling, education, and support for loved ones, helping to strengthen relationships and promote lasting recovery.

Ongoing Treatment and Relapse Prevention

After completing an initial treatment programme, individuals should continue participating in therapy, support groups, and other recovery resources to maintain sobriety and prevent relapse. Developing a solid support network, learning effective coping strategies, and staying committed to one’s recovery are crucial components for maintaining long-term sobriety.

Reaching Out

Our caring admissions team are here to answer your questions in complete confidentiality.

Ongoing Support at Smarmore Castle

Smarmore Castle is committed to ensuring patients have the necessary tools and resources to maintain their recovery after completing treatment. The clinic offers an aftercare programme that includes the following:

  • Regular follow-up appointments
  • Relapse prevention planning
  • Support group meetings
  • Assistance in finding local resources
  • Ongoing access to Smarmore Castle’s support network.

With its comprehensive approach to heroin addiction treatment, Smarmore Castle provides exceptional care for individuals seeking to overcome their addiction. By combining personalised treatment plans, evidence-based therapies, holistic options, family involvement, and ongoing support, Smarmore Castle offers a strong foundation for lasting recovery.

Don’t Stop Taking Medication

It is essential to follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations regarding medications for heroin addiction treatment. Consult with your healthcare professional if you have concerns or questions about your prescription. Never stop taking it without their approval. Stopping medication without proper guidance can lead to withdrawal symptoms, increased cravings, and a higher risk of relapse.

Walk the Road To Recovery Today

Smarmore’s addiction programme treats the whole person by addressing the underlying causes of the addiction. Our expert team of consultant psychiatrists, doctors, nurses and therapists work together as a multidisciplinary team to deliver evidence-based therapies in unrivalled facilities.

FAQs

How Do You Solve Drug Addiction?

Drug addiction is a complex issue that requires a multifaceted approach. Effective solutions typically involve a combination of medical treatment, therapy, lifestyle changes, and ongoing support. Personalised treatment plans, tailored to an individual’s unique needs, are crucial for achieving lasting recovery. Addressing underlying mental health issues, fostering supportive relationships, and developing healthy coping mechanisms are essential to overcoming drug addiction.

What Do They Do for Opioid Addiction?

Opioid addiction treatment often involves medical detoxification to manage withdrawal symptoms, followed by therapy and counselling to address the psychological aspects of addiction. Medications such as methadone, buprenorphine, or naltrexone may be used to reduce cravings and prevent relapse. A comprehensive approach that includes cognitive behavioural therapy, support groups, and relapse prevention planning can help individuals achieve and maintain recovery from opioid addiction.

How Does Methadone Work for Heroin Addicts?

Methadone is a synthetic opioid that acts on the same brain receptors as heroin, effectively reducing withdrawal symptoms and cravings. By providing a controlled, long-acting dose of the medication, methadone allows individuals to function normally without experiencing the euphoria associated with heroin use. This stability can help heroin addicts engage in therapy, counselling, and other essential aspects of their recovery process. Methadone maintenance treatment should be closely monitored by healthcare professionals to ensure appropriate dosage and minimise potential risks.

References

  1. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2020) Heroin drug facts. Available at: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin (Accessed: 23 March 2023).
  2. American Society of Addiction Medicine. (2015) The ASAM national practice guideline for the use of medications in the treatment of addiction involving opioid use. Available at: https://www.asam.org/quality-care/clinical-guidelines/national-practice-guideline (Accessed: 23 March 2023).
  3. S. Mars, P. Bourgois, G. Karandinos, F. Montero and D. Ciccarone (2014) ‘Every “never” I ever said came true’: transitions from opioid pills to heroin injecting. International Journal of Drug Policy, 25(2), pp. 257-266.
  4. World Health Organization. (2009) Guidelines for the psychosocially assisted pharmacological treatment of opioid dependence. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/43948/9789241547543_eng.pdf (Accessed: 23 March 2023).
  5. M. Soyka and H. Kranzler (2018) ‘New developments in the management of opioid dependence: focus on sublingual buprenorphine-naloxone’, Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation, 9, pp. 1-14.
  6. M. Torrens, A. Fonseca, C. Mateu and J. Farr√© (2005) ‘Efficacy of antidepressants in substance use disorders with and without comorbid depression. A systematic review and meta-analysis’, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 78(1), pp. 1-22.
  7. L. Degenhardt, C. Bucello, B. Mathers, C. Briegleb, H. Ali, M. Hickman and W. McLaren (2011) ‘Mortality among regular or dependent users of heroin and other opioids: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies‘, Addiction, 106(1), pp. 32-51.
  8. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2018) Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) 63: Medications for Opioid Use Disorder. Available at: https://www.samhsa.gov/resource/ebp/tip-63-medications-opioid-use-disorder  (Accessed: 23 March 2023).
  9. P. Friedmann, C. Hoskinson, J. Gordon, M. Schwartz, D. Kinlock, T. Knight, T. Flynn, R. Welsh, E. Stein, J. Sacks, J. O’Connell, M. Knudsen, H. Shafer, J. Hall, R. Frisman, P. Duvall, T. Brigham and G. Higgins (2012) ‘Medication-assisted treatment in criminal justice agencies affiliated with the Criminal Justice-Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): availability, barriers, and intentions’, Substance Abuse, 33(1), pp. 9-18.

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