Safe & Expert Addiction Treatment & Detox
What is Dual Diagnosis?
Dual diagnosis — which may also be referred to as co-occurring disorders, COD, or dual pathology — is a medical term that describes when an individual suffers from an alcohol or drug addiction in addition to mental health difficulties such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, an eating disorder or a personality disorder. If you are suffering from addiction at the same time as experiencing depression, anxiety, PTSD, or eating disorders, contact us for specialised treatment.
There is a close relationship between addiction and psychological disorders, and often the two can develop simultaneously over a period of time. Evidence suggests that most people with dual diagnoses report their first mental disorder occurred at an earlier age than their first substance disorder.
While substance abuse can lead to mental health issues, the opposite can also be true, where drugs and alcohol are used in response to psychological problems.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health
There is a consensus among addiction researchers and clinicians that mental health concerns and substance use problems are often interrelated. There is also growing awareness of the serious social, psychological and physical complications of the combined use of substances and mental health problems.
However, it can be hard to identify which came first as co-occurring disorders can mimic or cause the onset of one another, meaning the condition may go unnoticed or be misdiagnosed.
Someone may present as having a mental health issue such as anxiety but the substance use disorder is left unresolved which then increases the severity of the mental health issue’s symptoms.
In addition, it might be clear that someone has a substance use disorder but a co-occurring mental health condition may be missed.
This may mean the person finds it hard to recover from addiction, experiencing frequent relapses, which only compounds the negative experiences associated with a mental health condition.
How We Treat Dual Diagnosis
There is no single treatment option for dual diagnosis as it is a complex condition and each case is unique. The addiction and the underlying mental health issues are best managed and treated at a residential rehab clinic, at the same time and in the same location. At Smarmore Castle, we offer a comprehensive care programme which treats both addiction and any related mental disorders.
We recognise that addiction is a complex problem and that no patient is the same, for this reason, we provide a personalised treatment plan for everyone who comes through our doors. Smarmore Castle has a wide and experienced team comprised of doctors, nurses, psychiatrists and specialist therapists, our team of dedicated experts can provide safe and effective treatment for even the most severe cases.
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Our Addiction Treatment Programme
Our intensive, personalised treatment programme follows the 12-step model, providing detox and medical treatment, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), and other specialist therapies. Our complementary therapies, equine therapy, and even drumming help explore the hidden causes of addiction and related psychological issues.
At Smarmore Castle, dual-diagnosis patients will start the usual addiction treatment programme of individual and group therapy, written assignments and educational lectures and workshops. In addition to their treatment plan, patients will receive therapy from specialist staff on any extra issues that arise from the dual diagnosis.
For example, if you are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, complex post-traumatic stress disorder or developmental trauma, our team would provide trauma-resolution therapy such as EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing). There are also specialist groups to address childhood trauma, grief and other similar issues.
We aim to educate patients about their illnesses while encouraging assertiveness and building self-esteem. We also teach healthy coping strategies, empowering clients to employ relapse-prevention techniques once they have left treatment.
Recognising a Dual Diagnosis
Many of the symptoms of addiction are also the same as mental illness, so it can be hard to identify whether you or a loved one is suffering from the effects of addiction alone, or if they have an additional mental illness.
The warning signs of dual diagnosis vary from person to person. This is because there are many types of substances and mental disorders with varying side effects and symptoms.
There are some common problems those with dual diagnoses share. You may have a dual diagnosis if:
- Prior to developing an addiction, you experienced anxiety, depression, or were diagnosed with a mental health issue such as bipolar, personality or a mood disorder.
- You find it hard to stop substance abuse because your anxiety, depression, or symptoms of a mental health concern become worse without alcohol or drug use
- You find yourself being alienated by friends or are estranged from your family
- You sometimes experience periods of extreme emotional highs and lows
- You feel out of control or have a sense of not being able to cope so you use alcohol or drugs to soothe yourself
- You have had to call crisis lines or been admitted to the hospital due to your mental health
- There is a history of addiction or mental illness in your family
Studies show that routine, thorough, and integrated screening and diagnosis of dual disorders are needed to facilitate the implementation of appropriate treatment and avoid underdiagnosis or misdiagnosis.
Over 40 Years of Experience Treating Addiction
Why Residential Rehabilitation Is the Best
Co-occurring mental health and addiction problems should be treated simultaneously to give the patient the best chance of a full recovery. Dual-diagnosis disorders are very complicated because drug and alcohol use can exacerbate psychological problems and produce unpredictable mental and physiological effects in the user.
It is because of the complexity of this disorder that residential rehabilitation is the best option to treat these patients. Patients can receive treatment for both addiction and mental health disorders at the same time. If the focus is solely on treating the addiction, the untreated mental health issues make the patient vulnerable to relapse.
Outpatient and smaller clinics are often ill-equipped to treat these disorders and the patient may have to attend many different service providers to find the treatment they need. By contrast, Smarmore Castle offers a high-quality, comprehensive treatment programme located on one site.
Get Help Today
Navigating through the intricate maze of mental health challenges can be overwhelming. At Smarmore Castle, our mission is to be your guiding light during these tough times, offering you not only expert care but also genuine understanding and heartfelt compassion.
By recognising the deep link between mental health and addiction, our blended therapy approaches, inclusive of the revered 12-Step programme, are tailored to bring out your inner strength and set you on the path to recovery.
Speak to our advisors today, call 041 214 5111
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Taking the first step in seeking help can be very difficult, our team is here to help you.